This verification is done using the 1.2m Euler telescope, owned and operated by the Observatoire de Genève, at La Silla, Chile.
A planet orbiting a star will pull it a little, thus making it move. Thanks to the Doppler effect we can measure this slight change in the velocity of the star, caused by the planet. Euler is fitted with the spectrograph CORALIE, which can measure the velocity of a star to an accuracy of roughly 5 m/s.
From the flux drop, we estimate the radius of the planet; from Euler, we get the mass. Combining both we obtain the density of our planets. This value will determine which of our planets are amenable for
is when a planet passes in front of its host star. It casts a shadow, which we detect as a flux drop. A planet the size of Jupiter, transiting a star the size of the Sun produces a signal of about 1%.
For a 3 day orbital period, and if that planet has the same mass as Jupiter, it will typically produce a Doppler signal of 100 m/s.
is a planet with a mass comparable to that of Jupiter. However instead of orbiting in 11 years, its orbit is typically shorter than 10 days. The first exoplanet detected, 51 Peg b was a hot Jupiter. The reason why they are found so close to their star is the scene of active research.
are astrophysical objects that mimic the signal we are searching for. In the case of WASP, some signals are caused by double stars, which, eclipsing, produce similar brightness drops to planets. Notably, stars with masses below 0.2% the mass of the Sun, have sizes and temperatures comparable to hot Jupiters.
I am managing the verification of WASP candidates since 2008. In that time, I confirmed more than 120 new transiting planets, estimated their masses, constrained their eccentricities.
With dozens of planets at my disposition, I could select the most optimal to
observe the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect and measure the inclination of their orbital planes
with respect to the stellar equator. More on this
During our planet harvesting, we also pick up eclipsing binary stars and transiting brown dwarfs.
These provide a confirmation of the brown dwarf desert (
The mass-radius relation for stars less than 0.2% the mass of the Sun is largely untested, yet dearly needed for
projects such as